Plantar fasciitis is the term commonly used to refer to heel and arch pain traced to an inflammation on the bottom of the foot. More specifically, plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the connective tissue, called plantar fascia, that stretches from the base of the toes, across the arch of the foot, to the point at which it inserts into the heel bone. Overpronation is the most common cause of plantar fasciitis, although anyone can develop this condition with any foot type, at any age and any weight. As the foot rolls inward excessively when walking, it flattens the foot, lengthens the arch, and puts added tension on the plantar fascia. Over time, this causes inflammation.
Also known as heel spur syndrome, the condition is often successfully treated with conservative measures, such as the use of anti-inflammatory medications, ice packs, stretching exercises, orthotic devices, athletic taping and physical therapy. The key in treating this condition is maintaining as much support throughout the arch as possible. Therefore, orthotic devices and taping tend to be the most effective treatment. In persistent cases, Extracorporeal Shock Wave Treatment (ESWT) may be used to treat the heel pain as well as cortisone injections. Note: Please consult your physician before taking any medications.